In the imaginary world of legal fiction commerce – and all commerce is legal fiction, a “person” is always an artificial “legal person” of one kind or another legally generated.
Maxim of Law:
Quid fas non veritas est. Legality is not Reality.
“A legal person is any subject matter to which the law attributes a merely legal or fictitious personality. This extension … is one of the most noteworthy feats of the legal imagination .. (!) Legal persons, being the arbitrary creations of the law, may be of as many kinds as the law pleases. Those … recognised by our own system, however, all fall within a single class, namely, corporations or bodies corporate.”
Source: Jurisprudence 7th Edition, Sweet & Maxwell Ltd (1924), Section 113, p.336.
A legally generated “artificial person” has no substance, no body, no brain, no consciousness, no heart, no energy, no spirit, no soul. It is a mere legal “persona” in the fictional “theatre of commerce”, which is prescribed imaginary “roles” played by “actors” giving a “performance”.
The legal definitions for types of “person” do not include certain terms such as “living man or woman”, and instead use uncertain terms such as “individual” (see definition of “individual” below), and “human being, naturally born” (see definition of “human being” below). Even the term “natural person” is ambiguous, because a noun can be real or imaginary, and since the word “person” is a noun, a “natural person” is not necessarily real.
Critically, definitions of a “person” do not include a “sovereign”, and therefore no type of “person” can be one of the sovereign people of any freely constituted nation.
artificial person. A nonhuman entity that is created by law and is legally different owning its own rights and duties.
Black’s Law Dictionary, 2nd Edition.
natural person. A human being, naturally born, versus a legally generated juridical person.
Black’s Law Dictionary, 2nd Edition.
juridical person. Entity, as a firm, that is not a single natural person, as a human being, authorized by law with duties and rights, recognised as a legal authority having a distinct identity, a legal personality. Also known as artificial person, juridical entity, juristic person, or legal person. Also refer to body corporate.
Black’s Law Dictionary, 2nd Edition.
natural person. A human being, as distinguished from an artificial person created by law.
Blacks Law Dictionary, 7th Edition.
“Person” means … an individual, a firm, a partnership, an association, a fiduciary, an executor or administrator, a governmental entity, a limited liability company, or a corporation.
Indiana Code, Title 9, Motor Vehicles, Article 13, General Provisions and Definitions, Chapter 2, Definitions IC 9-13-2-124, Person, Section 124 Subsection a.
Person, noun. per’sn. Latin persona; said to be compounded of per, through or by, and sonus, sound; a Latin word signifying primarily a mask used by actors on the stage.
Webster’s Dictionary, 1828.
Person 1. A human being (a “natural” person). 2. A corporation (an “artificial” person). Corporations are treated as persons in many legal situations. Also, the word ”person” includes corporations in most definitions in this dictionary. 3. Any other “being” entitled to sue as a legal entity (a government, an association, a group of trustees, etc.). 4. The plural of person is persons, not people (see that word).
Oran’s Dictionary of the Law, 3rd Edition, 2000.
Individual. As a noun, this term denotes a single person as distinguished from a group or class, and also, very commonly, a private or natural person as distinguished from a partnership, corporation, or association; but it is said that this restrictive signification is not necessarily inherent in the word, and that it may, in proper cases, include artificial persons.
Black’s Law Dictionary, 2nd Edition.
Black’s Law Dictionary 773, 6th Edition. 1990. U.S. v. Middleton. No 99-10518, 231 F.3d 1207 (9th Cir. 2000).
Human Being. Monster. A human being by birth, but in some part resembling a lower animal. A monster hath no inheritable blood and cannot be heir to any land.
Ballentine’s Law Dictionary, 1930.
The term “person” does not include the sovereign.
Wilson v. Omaha Indian Tribe, 442 U.S. 653 (1979).
On the Birth Certificate, the legal person NAME is a deceased Estate Trust, which is why the definition for the term “person” in the United States.Inc Social Security Act 1935, includes “trust or estate”. Social Security Act 1935 DEFINITIONS SECTION 1101. “(a) When used in this Act- (3) The term person means an individual, a trust or estate, a partnership, or a corporation.”
Legislation seldom differentiates between the “legal person” and the “natural person”. However, both terms are included in the New Zealand Bill of Rights Act 1990, section 29, Application to Legal Persons. “Except where the provisions of this Bill of Rights otherwise provide, the provisions of this Bill of Rights apply, so far as practicable, for the benefit of all legal persons as well as for the benefit of all natural persons.”
All legally generated fictional “persons” are debtors by default, because they are created without any inherent productive capacity. Their inferior status is indicated by the use of written styles other than proper English grammar, and/or by “joining” the “family name/surname/last name” to a man/woman’s appellation “Given name” Estate Title, thereby corrupting the living Estate Title, because the “family name/surname/last name” has no autonomous life.
Blacks Law Dictionary – Revised 4th Edition 1968, provides the following definitions of written styles:
‘Capitis Diminutio (meaning the diminishing of status through the use of capitalization) In Roman law. A diminishing or abridgment of personality; a loss or curtailment of a man’s status or aggregate of legal attributes and qualifications.’
‘Capitis Diminutio Minima (meaning a minimum loss of status through the use of capitalization, e.g. John Doe) – The lowest or least comprehensive degree of loss of status. This occurred where a man’s family relations alone were changed. It happened upon the arrogation [pride] of a person who had been his own master, (sui juris,) [of his own right, not under any legal disability] or upon the emancipation of one who had been under the patria potestas. [Parental authority] It left the rights of liberty and citizenship unaltered. See Inst. 1, 16, pr.; 1, 2, 3; Dig. 4, 5, 11; Mackeld. Rom.Law, 144.’
‘Capitis Diminutio Media (meaning a medium loss of status through the use of capitalization, e.g. John DOE) – A lessor or medium loss of status. This occurred where a man loses his rights of citizenship, but without losing his liberty. It carried away also the family rights.’
‘Capitis Diminutio Maxima (meaning a maximum loss of status through the use of capitalization, e.g. JOHN DOE or DOE JOHN) – The highest or most comprehensive loss of status. This occurred when a man’s condition was changed from one of freedom to one of bondage, when he became a slave. It swept away with it all rights of citizenship and all family rights.’
A slave in bondage, divested of common living rights, has a status in practice equivalent to dead property, being a mere “thing”. Dead ALL-CAPITAL-LETTER names are found on graveyard tombstones, on vessels in commerce, on corporate signage, and on legal fiction documents such as Driver Licenses, and so on.
Further, the use of ALL-CAPITAL-LETTERS is not proper English written-language, and is also defined as “glosses” in American Sign Language.
The Chicago Manual of Style, 16th Edition, Foreign Languages, Section 11.147:
‘Glosses in ASL. [American Sign Language] The written-language transcription of a sign is called a gloss. Glosses are words from the spoken language written in small capital letters: WOMAN, SCHOOL, CAT. (Alternatively, regular capital letters may be used.) When two or more words are used to gloss a single sign, the glosses are separated by hyphens. The translation is enclosed in double quotation marks.
The sign for “a car drove by” is written as VEHICLE-DRIVE-BY.
One obvious limitation of the use of glosses from the spoken/written language to represent signs is that there is no one-to-one correspondence between the words or signs in any two languages.’
GLOSSA VIPERINA EST QUIE CORRODIT VISCERA TEXTUS. 11 Coke, 34. It is a poisonous gloss which corrupts the essence of the text. [Coke = The Reports of Sir Edward Coke. J.H. Thomas & J.F. Fraser eds. 13 parts in 6 vols. London: Butterworth, 1826.]
Regardless of writing styles, combining a “Given name” with a “Family name” always forms an artificial legal “person”, e.g. JOHN DOE, and John Doe, are both artificial legal “persons”.
A man/woman’s appellation “Given name” is their living Estate Title, e.g. John. Your Estate is the “land”, or property, of your mind, body, and soul, and all the physical and intellectual property that derives from your living energy, including your inborn unalienable rights.
Whereas the shared “family name/surname/last name” is not autonomous – it is a dead plural noun. Therefore, the “Given name” must be grammatically separated to avoid semantic corruption. Legalisation joins the living “Given name” to the dead plural noun, forming a dead artificial legal “person” NAME, taking away a man/woman’s unique living Estate Title.
The minimum grammatical separation between the living “Given name” and the dead plural “family name/surname/last name”, is a colon, e.g. John: Doe. It is more definitive to state the correct relationship, e.g. John: of the family Doe. However, adding the “family name/surname/last name” is always optional. The Estate Title is one or more “Given names”, e.g. John-Henry, which is sufficient on any document.
In proper grammar, living “Given names” are proper nouns beginning with a capital letter, and if a “Family name” is added it is separated by a colon indicating the facts and introducing their relationship. But fictional “persons” are not styled in this grammatically correct manner.
Note the types of “persons” evidenced by the following styles:
John Henry Doe = Foreign Situs Trust
JOHN HENRY DOE = Cestui Que Vie ESTATE Trust
JOHN H. DOE = Public Transmitting Utility
A man or woman in “joinder” to a “person” becomes the “walking dead”, legally speaking. By definition, they are incompetent and incapable of possessing living rights and responsibilities. Consequently, their Estate Title properties are forfeit, and they are granted limited and revocable benefits and privileges. Their “ignorance is negligence”, and for as long as they walk in the underworld of the legally dead, they are subject to the “High Priests of Ba’al”, or the “Black Robed Devil”, who makes a “judgement” upon the one who has given up their life, and in so doing the Priest delivers a curse, in ancient times death, in modern times debt, and the victim is sacrificed.
Every “person” is a debtor by default, and every man or woman who suffers “joinder” to a “person” becomes “surety” in the debt-money system of bondage, sacrificing their living energy via that fictional “transmitting utility”, feeding the parasitic banking cabal which espouses the Roman motto: “He who would be deceived, let him be deceived.”