Your Public Servants include all oath-bound Officers of the Law. Most frontline “Police Officers”, however, perform two roles:
As Peace Officers they uphold the law, discharging their impartial duties under Oath “according to law”, which is the de jure Common Law Jurisdiction, also known as the “Law of the Land”. They swear to “keep the peace”, by doing their best to keep people and their property safe from harm. They are protected by a Public Bond, having Limited liability. They have Common Law powers (Constitutional) delegated by the People.
As Policy Officers they enforce statutes, which prescribe the legal terms and conditions of contracts with penalties etc., in the de facto Admiralty Maritime Jurisdiction, also known as the “Law of the Sea”. They do NOT swear an Oath to “enforce statutes” in commerce, and are NOT protected by a Public Bond, having Unlimited full commercial liability. They have Corporate powers (Contractual) which are subject to Consent.
Peace Officer = “Constabulary Powers” = Constitutional
Policy Officer = “Corporate Powers” = Contractual
Revenue gathering for YOURNATION (INC.) in the Admiralty Maritime Jurisdiction is not part of the sworn duty of a “Peace Officer/Constable”. An Officer conducting legal fiction commerce in support of the private debt-money system of bondage can be described as a private mercenary abdicating their Oath.
“Police Officers” enforcing statutes in legal fiction commerce have NO JURISDICTION over any living man or woman unless that man or woman consents to that jurisdiction.
All legal jurisdiction over a man or woman requires their consent, and so all presentments from of a “Police Officer” are a “service” offered by “consent”.
“It’s important for us to know what people think of our service – in New Zealand we police
by consent and cannot afford to lose the support of the people we serve.” (emphasis added)
|“LAW OF THE SEA”
||“LAW OF THE LAND”
|Incorporated Office||Non-Incorporated Office|
Contractual, subject to Consent
Constitutional, delegated by the People
with NO Public “Oath of Office” and Bond
with Public “Oath of Office” and Bond
|Officer breaching de jure Public Oath
is in DISHONOUR
|Officer upholding de jure Public Oath
is in HONOUR
FULL COMMERCIAL LIABILITY
|LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICER||PEACE OFFICER/CONSTABLE|
|Collecting Revenue, performing Commerce, Enforcing statutory contracts||Keeping the Peace, upholding Justice, Serving and protecting people|
|Of the Corporation, By the Corporation, For the Corporation||Of the People, By the People, For the People|
|The Officer MUST establish that your are “acting” in the “role” of an artificial legal PERSON, which is consent by “joinder”, in order to exercise jurisdiction over you||The Officer MUST have “probable cause” or an articulable “reasonable suspicion” that you are commiting, or are about to commit a CRIME of harm to a living soul|
|While “acting” as a person, you are under CONTRACT obliged to perform according to the terms and conditions of statutes||While a living soul, you are in the COMMON LAW obliged not to cause harm to other living souls or their property|
|Only a legal person CORPORATION can be taken to COURT for an OFFENCE||Only if there is a VICTIM of a CRIME can na Officer establish JURISDICTION over you|
|“Penalties” are statutory, for the legal person, so do not apply to living men or women||Crimes Act 1961.Sec 9. “No one shall be convicted of any offence at common law”|
The police cannot stop you, question you, detain you, arrest you, search you, or charge you, without your consent, if there is no victim. Ultimately, the “administrative courts” cannot fine you or imprison you without your consent. But if at any point you “understand” (stand under their authority), agree to anything, or give them the artificial legal “person” NAME, you are consenting.
THE TWO BASIC TYPES OF ENCOUNTERS:
1. Consensual, in which you are free to leave at any time.
2. Detention/Seizure/Arrest, in which you are held by “an assertion of authority”, or by physical restraint, against your will.
In any detention/seizure/arrest the “Peace Officer/Constable” MUST have “probable cause” and/or a “reasonable suspicion” that you are committing, or are about to commit, a CRIME against a victim. The accuser bears the burden of proof to reasonably establish your CRIME.
In any detention/seizure/arrest the “Police Officer” MUST establish that you are “acting” in “joinder” to an artificial legal “person” NAME created by the State and controlled by prescribed statutes. The Officer bears the burden of establishing your informed and voluntary CONSENT.
No “Police Officer” is vested with the Common Law power (Constabulary power) to randomly detain or arrest you for the purpose of asking questions.
“[Police Officers] have no power whatever to arrest or detain a citizen for the purpose of questioning him or of facilitating their investigations. It matters not at all whether the questioning or the investigation is for the purpose of enabling them to ascertain whether he is the person guilty of a crime known to have been committed or is for the purpose of enabling them to discover whether a crime has or has not been committed. If the police do so act in purported exercise of such a power, their conduct is not only destructive of civil liberties but it is unlawful.”
Regina v. Banner (1970) VR 240, at p 249, the Full Bench of the Northern Territory Supreme Court.
“It is an ancient principle of the Common Law that a person not under arrest has no obligation to stop for police, or answer their questions. And there is no statute that removes that right. The conferring of such a power on a police officer would be a substantial detraction from the fundamental freedoms which have been guaranteed to the citizen by the Common Law for centuries.”
Judge Stephen Kaye, Melbourne Supreme Court, 25 November 2011.
“There is no common law power vested in police giving them the unfettered right to stop or detain a person and seek identification details. Nor is s.59 of the (Road Safety) Act a statutory source of such power.”
Magistrate Duncan Reynolds, Melbourne, July 2013.
An Officer who stops you in the course of your lawful business, without your consent, or “articulable probable cause”, is assailing you.
DEALING WITH ASSAILANTS:
1. Identify your assailant, their motive and jurisdiction.
2. Require verification of a CRIME (no crime = no jurisdiction).
3. BE POLITE, STAY ON POINT.
You have the Right not to be “arbitrarily” stopped, detained or arrested [by chance, whim, or impulse]. There must be an “articulable” and “reasonable suspicion” that you are involved in a CRIME against a VICTIM, and a WITNESS [can be a “Peace Officer”] with first-hand knowledge and evidence who is willing to write an affidavit under penalty of perjury and full commercial liability, making the accusation of the crime. You have the Right not to answer questions. You have the Right not to provide government issued ID. You have the Right to ASK QUESTIONS.
See Rebut the Presumption
To control people, the Police rely on:
“Ignorance of the Law is no excuse”
“I, [name], swear that I will faithfully and diligently serve Her (or His) Majesty [specify the name of the rigning Sovereign], Queen (or King) of New Zealand, her (or his) heirs and successors, without favour or affection, malice or ill-will. While a constable I will, to the best of my skill and knowledge, perform all the duties of the office of constable according to law. So help me God.”
[A police employee becomes a Constable (Peace officer) by taking the Constable’s Oath. A Constable is vested with constabulary powers delegated by the People to keep peace, by making decisions that reasonably keep people and their private property safe from harm. The oath is to Her (or His) Majesty, Queen (or King) of New Zealand, because the Head of State si the Principal Trustee and Public Servant of the sovereign people, and the embodiment of the traditional Common Law.]